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iam_art_a
Feb 02, 2022
In Folktales
The Sun Temple of Nirath, in Rampur sub-division is the only Sun temple in Himachal Pradesh. Talking about the history of temple, it is believed that this temple was build by Lord Parashurama. There is also a less famous folktale among some people about the constitution of temple. It is also believed that, this was built by Five Pandvas. But according to the hand written texts, 'Parod' (Ancient Texts), the ancient name of Nirath was Atalpur. It was said that after the war of Mahabharata, Lord Parashuram came to the Himalayan region with 1500 followers of different communities (Gotra) of Bhramin like Shaiva, Shaktik, Saury, Kamakhya Gotra. Among them 200 disciples who belonged to 'Sauryamanta Gotra' were called at 'Atalpur' now it is known from place called Nirath. After reaching here, Lord Parshuram build Surya Narayan Temple and established 200 Saurya disciples on "Surya Pak" (stone) by resolving 1,825 Books and texts, 2 Biswa land among them. Most interestingly, 18 different havan kunds are established in both inside and outside the temple complex, which are opened on the occasion of Shanda Mahayagya. Lord Parashurama Established four other places, which are very well known by "4 Tharai". Thereafter went to the Himalayas to meditate. According to some scholars the temple belongs to the CE 8-9th century, attributed to the Katyuri rulers of Kumaon, whose territorial limit once extended to Satluj. The present standing temple may not be older than the CE 16-17th century, but surveys by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) suggest it should have built before the 12th Century. Team Shimladeities
1. History and Folklore of Surya Narayan Temple, Nirath. content media
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iam_art_a
Jan 19, 2022
In Folktales
This Muhura is particularly known as "Aaprupi" (आपरुपी). The philosophy behind this name and this Deity is that, any God or Deity can be worshipped in this face and the local people of this area worshiping this Deity as Shiva. As we see the iconography of this Muhura, it exactly looks like Lord Shiva. There is Half Moon on the chignon, there are big Ears, kundalas and most important, Serpent on the chest. There are also some extra features like Crowns, ornaments on the Muhura. Details in Muhura or Metal Face 1. Keerti Mukh:- it is an essential component of art on the Pylon of Gates and Thrones in south india. By now keerti Mukh can be seen in the wooden art of Upper Himachali Region*. But here, local people believe that this face is of their Deity Ganeshi, which is very supreme and is above all the deities in Chariot. 2. Simple Flower:- It looks like very simple, and there is no such species of flowers described with Deota. 3. Chignon:- A very beautiful representation of hairs can be seen in the chignon. There are tiny section of hairs between ornaments. 4. Aardha Chandra or Half Moon:- Shiva's Characterstics 5. Crown:- It's very decorative and well crafted three Conical Crown. 6 .Big Ears:- It is symbolic representation of a wise person. But it may be due the large earings on both sides. 7. Kundala:- It can be simple earings, or can be the local earings like "Bragar", "Gokhru" or etc. But I think kundal is a appropriate word for it. 8. Necklace:- Beads are lined with a lace from both side and heaving a big Gem on the bottom. 9. Khagala and Silver Coin:- "खगाला" is a local ornament, usually wears by native peoples of the area. Here Coin is just part of ornament. 10. Serpent:- It is also characteristics of Shiva. It is also a symbolic representation of protector. But here, hump like structure can be seen on the head of Serpent, also in some Deities it looks like the head portion, while in others, it looks like a Gem on the head of Serpent.
Iconography of Metal Face in Deota Ganeshi content media
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